Image Stripper Devotional 1 Free - In Image Stripper, devote yourself to God. It has very simple rule: Clear the covered Picture to get wonderful Spiritual image! Avoid the Killer moving balls to save your life. The first two levels may be a cakewalk with a retreat.
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Prince Casspian "From the silver screen to the mobile phone, Prince Caspian takes on the enemies of old to restore t